Changes and Adaptations During Pregnancy – 3rd Trimester

By this time, we believe you have come to appreciate the changes and adaptation during the first and second trimesters. If you would recall, we talked about hormonal changes, breast and nipple enlargement, dietary changes and other pregnancy related issues in the first trimester. We also spent some time talking about stretch marks, weight gain, libido in women and eating habits during the second trimester. This last article on trimesters will focus on the changes and adaptations within the last stages of pregnancy.


Some of the discomforts the expectant mother has in her first and second trimesters will continue in the third trimester. During this period, she may experience bodily changes, which are mainly due to pressure from the enlarged abdomen, example:


Shortness of Breath
The growing uterus elevates the base of the ribs hence some blood vessels and the heart are displaced upwards. The capacity of the lungs is also reduced causing the shortness of breath. This is the period where frequent sitting and resting is recommended. Walking, climbing of stairs and/or other strenuous activities should be reduced.


Heart Burn
Hormonal influence on the stomach does not allow it to work fully causing burning sensation which is usually felt around the chest. Eating spiced or heavy foods like fufu, yam or oily foods usually causes heartburn. Some drugs may be prescribed by one’s health care provider if it becomes unbearable. These foods should be eaten in the morning or afternoon. When this situation occurs, sleeping in a propped up position in bed or drinking warm milk before sleeping is highly recommended.


Frequency in Urination
The expectant mother will begin to visit the washroom as frequently as it happened in the first trimester. This is also due to the growing baby, causing the uterus to put pressure on the bladder. Changing of underwear or using of panty liners will prevent odour and infections.


These are forms of varicose veins that appear around the back passage (anus). It usually bleeds and feels itchy and/or painful. Eating a high fiber diet helps to prevent constipation and brings relief. Not straining when visiting the washroom also helps. The belly button may stick out due to enlargement of the tummy.


This is often the problem during the last weeks of pregnancy. A bath following a warm drink or beverage helps the expectant mother to sleep.


Premature Contractions
This is usually painless however it may cause some discomfort. This usually starts from about the 24th week and is intensified during the last week.


A situation when the baby descends into the upper pelvis leading to a reduction of the abdomen bringing some form of relief to the woman.


Fear of the Unknown
During the later stages of pregnancy, the mother becomes depressed, exhausted and afraid of the unknown. This is especially for first time mothers (first timers). For the more experienced mothers it is a fear of going through labour again.


We trust that you have been educated by these expert articles. Look out for our next article soon.

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  1. Ayotemi says:

    Thanks much for the enlightenment. Please help us include baby wipes in the soft and gentle pack.

  2. Ayotemi says:

    Thanks for the enlightenment. Please give us more.

  3. Toyosi says:

    A third time mum
    True at fear of labour hahahahahahahahah
    GOD will see me through